Security requirements and rules for being in a shooting range
1. GENERAL PROVISIONS
1. This instruction is developed in accordance with the Law of the Republic of Belarus of November 13, 2001. "On weapons" (national register of legal acts of the Republic of Belarus. – 2001. – № 109. – 2/810), the procedure for the circulation of military, service, civil weapons and ammunition in state military formations and paramilitary organizations, customs authorities and Prosecutor's offices, approved by decree of the President of the Republic of Belarus No. 473 of August 30, 2002 (national register of legal acts of the Republic of Belarus. – 2003. – № 43. – 1/4505).
The instruction defines the rules for compliance with safety measures when handling weapons and ammunition in the course of training sessions, competitions, training, training camps and other events (hereinafter – training events) in the sports complex for the organization of bench shooting "Joint closed joint stock company "ENERGO-OIL" (hereinafter – the Complex).
2. the Main terms and their definitions used in this Manual:
- ammunition – devices and items that are directly intended to hit a target, perform tasks that contribute to its defeat, and contain explosive, pyrotechnic or propellant charges or a combination of them;
- shot – the process of throwing throwing items from the body of the munition or from a bore of a firearm due to the energy of the gases produced in the explosive transformation (burning) of the propellant charge and discharge of methane elements of the barrel, the casing or guides of other types of weapons due to the use of the elastic force of different materials, human muscle power, the energy of expansion of compressed gases;
- the use of weapons – manufacturing employee of the Complex or practicing shots from weapons in training activities on the targets and other goals, and put them into action firing mechanism obviously is unloaded (without ammunition) a firearm ("idle");
- controlled removal of the trigger with cocking – forced removal of an employee of the complex or training trigger gun with cocking and subsequent staging of his platoon to safety, followed by action aimed at preventing shots;
- control trigger – actuation by an employee of the Complex or a trainee of the trigger mechanism of a deliberately discharged (without ammunition) firearm in order to release the striker or trigger from the combat platoon;
- security measures – a set of measures and rules to ensure the required level of security of events and protect health and property from damage;
- carrying a weapon – carrying a weapon with you (in your hands, clothing, equipment, bag, etc.) for the purpose of using it during training sessions;
- handling of weapons – the totality of any actions with weapons, including their direct use, performed by an employee of the Complex or a trainee during training events;
- firearms – weapons that use the energy of gases generated by the combustion of a propellant charge to throw a striking element Gorenje;
- firearms in a safe condition – the condition of firearms, provided by their design features and the use of equipment elements, in which the possibility of an accidental shot is excluded;
- a firearm in a state of readiness is a state of a firearm in which the action (pressing) of the trigger is sufficient to produce a shot;
- weapons – firearms, gas, pneumatic, throwing, cold and other weapons that consist of equipment of the Complex;
- movement of weapons – their carrying, as well as other movement by an employee of the Complex or a trainee, including transportation and transportation;
- bringing weapons into action – ensuring the production of a shot triggering the mechanisms of the weapon due to the impact on its corresponding parts by an employee of the Complex or a trainee;
- the head of a training session is a person duly authorized to conduct a specific training session;
- random shot – a shot fired from a weapon due to its involuntary activation or due to the activation of the corresponding mechanisms of the weapon under the influence of external factors (blows, overloads, etc.).
3. the issue of weapons and ammunition to employees – employees of the Complex or a trainee-is carried out in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Belarus and local regulatory legal acts of the Complex.
4. an employee of the Complex or a trainee who has received weapons and (or) ammunition is personally responsible for their safety and proper condition. They must comply with the rules for carrying weapons and ammunition, as well as provide conditions for their storage that exclude the possibility of theft, loss, damage or use by other persons.
5. the employee of the Complex who trains is obliged to check and visually or tactically (by touch) make sure that there are no ammunition in the firearm (in the chamber, magazine, drum, tape, etc.) in the following cases:
- when receiving weapons in the Armory or from other persons;
- when transferring weapons to other persons or storing them in the Armory;
- before performing any actions with a weapon, except for preparing it for direct use;
- at the command of the senior Manager of the training session.
6. in case of loss, theft, damage or failure of weapons or ammunition, the employee of the Complex or the trainee is obliged to immediately report (inform) about this to the direct head of the training, and after arriving at the location of the Complex within 24 hours to submit to the head of the Complex the appropriate report (memo), in which to specify:
- when, where, and under what circumstances were weapons (ammunition) lost, stolen, or disabled);
- what measures were taken and their results;
- other information related to the incident.
7. Bringing an employee of the Complex or a trainee to responsibility in case of loss, theft, damage or failure of weapons, ammunition and special equipment is carried out in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Belarus.
2. SAFETY MEASURES DURING TRAINING EVENTS
8. Safety in handling weapons and ammunition in the course of training activities is provided by:
- clear organization of such events at all training sites, especially when shooting in practice;
- accurate compliance of the Complex's employees who train with shooting manuals (instructions for use) for various types of weapons;
- compliance with the safety measures provided for in this Instruction;
- safety rules and requirements set by the class Manager;
- high discipline of all those present during training sessions.
9. employees of the Complex and trainees are allowed to conduct trainings or participate in them only after studying the provisions of this Instruction and passing the relevant tests. Employees of the Complex and students who have not passed the test are not allowed to conduct training events during which weapons are handled.
10. During the training employees and trainees are required to comply with the following requirements:
- weapons on the territory of such events must be unloaded at all times, without a magazine, a pistol-in a holster, a machine gun-with the barrel up, a rifle-sheathed;
- firearms must be kept in a safe condition;
- the magazine must be located separately from the weapon (in the pouch);
- the weapon should be loaded only at the command of the training Manager in the initial position before performing training exercises;
- it is allowed to take the gun out of the holster, train "at idle", clean and repair the weapon only in a specially designated security zone, which is designated by a special sign (plate). Storage and availability of ammunition is prohibited in the security zone;
- during a training exercise, the barrel of a loaded or unloaded weapon should always be directed only towards targets (other targets);
- when loading, reloading, or discharging a weapon during a training exercise, the shooter's fingers must be outside the trigger guard and the barrel of the weapon must always be pointed safely toward the targets or in another safe direction indicated by the training supervisor;
- when handling firearms, it is forbidden to touch the trigger, as well as to place your fingers in the space limited by the trigger (safety) bracket. Touching the trigger of a firearm is only permitted when:
- when pointing a weapon, immediately after making a decision to activate it;
- controlled removal of the weapon trigger from the combat platoon;
- the control of the descent;
- removing the trigger during disassembly (Assembly) of the weapon;
- all movements must be made when the finger is outside the trigger guard, except when the shooter sees the targets and holds them at gunpoint in order to hit them. Movement with weapons is:
- production of more than one step in any direction; change of position (e.g. from position "standing" in position "on a knee" from position "sitting" to "standing");
- the weapon is aimed in a safe direction and, as a rule, must be delivered to the fuse;
- when using firearms and ammunition, as well as when handling them, it is necessary to take all possible measures to avoid accidental shooting;
- when using firearms and ammunition, it is necessary to take into account the ricocheting properties of the bullet (striking element) when hitting an impenetrable obstacle, as well as the anti-barrier effect of the bullet (striking element) when hitting an impenetrable obstacle.
11. employees of the Complex and those who train with weapons strictly adhere to the following rules:
- when handling a weapon, you must always assume that it is loaded;
- the weapon is never directed where it is not intended to be fired;
- before firing a shot, it is always checked for the presence of people, animals, vehicles or foreign objects in front of the target (other target) and behind it;
- never touch the trigger with your finger until the weapon is pointed at the target (other target).
12. When conducting training activities are prohibited:
- to fire from a faulty weapon or faulty ammunition;
- point the weapon at people, to the side and to the rear of the training area regardless of whether it is loaded or not;
- leave the weapon anywhere or transfer it to other persons without the command of the training supervisor (the supervisor at the training site);
- load the weapon before the command of the training Manager (the leader on the spot for shooting) and the signal "Fire", as well as after the signal "stand Down" (the command "Cease fire");
- open and fire: beyond dangerous shooting directions; after the signal "stand Down" (command "Cease fire"), before reaching the line of opening fire;
- fire a weapon whose barrel is littered with mud, snow, etc.;
- use weapons and ammunition to study their design, meet the standards for fire training.
13. production of a shot is immediately stopped independently or at the command of the head of training sessions (the head on the spot for shooting) in the following cases:
- the appearance of people, animals, vehicles or aircraft flying low over the target area;
- raising a white flag (a lantern, a sound signal) at the command post or at the commands of the training Manager (the head on the spot for shooting) "Stop", " Cease fire»;
- fire on the target field or the surrounding area;
- receiving a report or giving a set signal from the cordon post about the danger of firing shots.
3. SECURITY MEASURES WHEN MOVING WEAPONS
14. any movement of firearms and ammunition must be carried out under the armed protection of employees. When moving a firearm, it must be in a safe condition.
15. The carrying of firearms, unless otherwise determined by the head of training activities is subject to the following rules:
- the weapon must be in a safe condition;
- the transfer of a weapon from a safe state to bring it to action must be provided with the minimum possible number of actions with the weapon.
16. Transportation and transportation of firearms and ammunition by air, rail, water, road and other modes of transport is carried out in accordance with the legislation with the registration of documents of the established sample.